Abbreviations - ESRA
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Haemorrhoid Surgery "2006"


CPM chlorpheniramine maleate
EMLA Eutectic Mixture of Local Anaesthetic
GA general anaesthetic
GTN glyceryl trinitrate
IM intramuscular
Intra-op intra-operatively
IV intravenous
LA local anaesthetic
LIS lateral internal sphincterotomy
MFF micronized flavonoid fraction
MPFF micronized purified flavonoid fraction
NRS numerical rating scale
PACU post-anaesthesia care unit
PCA patient-controlled analgesia
POD postoperative day
PONV postoperative nausea and vomiting
Postop postoperatively
Pre-op pre-operatively
VAS visual analogue scale
VIS visual intensity scale
VRS verbal rating scale