Abbreviations - ESRA
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Laminectomy 2020


COX-2 Cyclo-oxygenase-2
CSE Combined spinal and epidural anaethesia
FDA U.S Food and Drug Administration
GA General anaesthesia
IM Intramuscular
IV Intravenous
LoE Level of evidence
LSPSL Lumbar spinous process splitting laminectomy
NA Not Applicable
NRS Numerical rating scale
NS Not significant/ no significant difference
NSAID Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug
PACU Post-anaesthesia care unit
PCA Patient-controlled analgesia
POD Postoperative day
PONV Postoperative nausea and vomiting
RCT Randomised controlled trial
SA Spinal anaesthesia
VAS Visual analogue score
VRS Verbal rating scale