Abbreviations - ESRA
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Hallux Valgus Repair Surgery 2019


List of abbreviations

COX-2 Cyclo-oxygenase-2
FDA U.S Food and Drug Administration
GA General anaesthesia
IM Intramuscular
IV Intravenous
LoE Level of evidence
NA Not Applicable
NRS Numerical rating scale
NS Not significant/ no significant difference
NSAID Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug
PACU Post-anaesthesia care unit
PCA Patient-controlled analgesia
POD Postoperative day
PONV Postoperative nausea and vomiting
RCT Randomised controlled trial
SA Spinal anaesthesia
VAS Visual analogue score
VRS Verbal rating scale