Abbreviations - ESRA
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Haemorrhoidectomy 2016


AUC Area under curve
BD Bis die sumendum (twice daily)
BM Bowel movement
CI Continuous infusion
D Days
EMLA Eutectic mixture of local anaesthetic
GA General anaesthetic
GoR Grade of recommendation
GTN Glyceryl trinitrate
IM Intramuscular
Intra-op Intra-operatively
IV Intravenous
LA Local anaesthetic/anaesthesia
LoE Level of evidence
NA Not applicable
NS Not significant
NSAIDs Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
NRS Numerical rating scale
PACU post-anaesthesia care unit
PCA Patient-controlled analgesia
POD Postoperative day
PONV Postoperative nausea and vomiting
Postop Postoperatively
PO Per os (orally)
Pre-op Pre-operatively
PRN Pro re nata (as necessary)
QID Quater in die (four times a day)
R At rest
RCT Randomised controlled trial
RF Radiofrequency
SA Spinal anaesthesia
TDS Ter die sumendum (three-times daily)
VAS Visual analogue score
VIS Visual intensity scale
VNRS Verbal numeric rating scale
VNS Verbal numerical scale
VRS Verbal rating scale