Abbreviations - ESRA
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Caesarean Section 2020


COX-2 Cyclo-oxygenase-2
CSE Combined spinal and epidural
ESP Erector spinae plane
GA General anaesthesia
IM Intramuscular
IT Intrathecal
IV Intravenous
LoE Level of evidence
NA Not Applicable
NRS Numerical rating scale
NS Not significant/ no significant difference
NSAID Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug
PACU Post-anaesthesia care unit
PCA Patient-controlled analgesia
PCEA Patient-controlled epidural analgesia
PCIA Patient-controlled intravenous analgesia
POD Postoperative day
PONV Postoperative nausea and vomiting
QL Quadratus lumborum
RCT Randomised controlled trial
SA Spinal anaesthesia
TAP Transversus abdominis plane
TENS Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation
US Ultrasound
VAS Visual analogue scale
VRS Verbal rating scale